The spleen is a lymphatic organ that helps to prevent your body from infection. The size and shape of the spleen vary from person to person, but it's usually purple, fist-shaped, and around 4 inches long. As the spleen is hidden behind the rib cage, it is difficult to feel unless it is exceptionally large.
The spleen performs many functions in the body. Being part of the immune system, it functions as a blood filter. The spleen recycles old red blood cells while also storing white blood cells and platelets. In addition, the spleen greatly helps fight against several bacteria that cause meningitis and pneumonia.
How does an Enlarged spleen develop?
An enlarged spleen is referred to as splenomegaly. Liver disease, viral mononucleosis, blood cancers (leukemia and lymphoma), and other conditions can cause spleen enlargement.
Generally, your spleen will enlarge if it works too much (anemia) or if it is infiltrated by blood cancer (lymphoma and leukemia).
More platelets and red blood cells fit within your spleen when it is swollen, and it eliminates platelets and red blood cells from circulation more quickly than they should. This lowers the quantity of these cells in your bloodstream, which can lead to low red blood cell count (anemia) or low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) – or worsen existing disorders. Splenectomy and chemotherapy are the two best options to reduce spleen size.
Symptoms of the enlarged spleen:
- Pain in the upper left side of your abdomen
- Feeling your stomach full as soon as eating.
- Shortness of breath during physical activity.
- Getting infected soon than usual
If you notice any of these signs, contact our hematologist in Hyderabad. He may be able to sense your spleen while he checks you if it is very enlarged.
Who needs Splenectomy?
If your lymphoma has caused your spleen to enlarge, our doctor may recommend chemotherapy to reduce it. However, in few cases of ITP, diseases with massive spleen causing symptoms,a treatment calledsplenectomy might be performed.
Our physician will talk about your specific situation. If a splenectomy is the best choice for you, he will recommend it. Book your appointment if you notice the above symptoms of enlarged spleen or for any treatment regarding blood disorders or cancer.